POPORO

QUIMBAYA

Poporo Quimbaya is a pre-Columbian art piece from the classical Quimbaya period. It is exhibited at the Gold Museum in Bogota. Its main use was as a ceremonial vessel for the mambeo of coca leaves during the religious ceremonies. The specimen on display was made in about 301 BC. It is believed that this piece of art was excavated from a funeral chamber in 1930, in the municipality of Anorí in the department of Antioquia, at a time when the theft of archaeological jewelry (guaqueo) was common. The Kimbayas were experts in manipulating gold, and the poporo was not the only object of gold.

Cundinamarca

It was a product of the Quimbaya ethnology group in the Prehispanic period, which inhabited the middle Cauca area between the departments of Caldas, Quindío and Risaralda, which today is much of the coffee region in Colombia. They were engaged in agriculture, hunting, fishing and gathering wild fruits. They extracted gold from the sands of the rivers and salt from the springs of the waters, and used them for exchange.

It is one of the most outstanding objects of the collection of the Gold Museum located in the center of Bogota. This object called "Poporo" dated to 300 A.C. is a container for lime, which they mixed and ground with coca leaves in religious rituals, and in this way extracted the alkaloids.

It has a weight of 777.7 grams, a height 23.5cms, and in its widest part has a diameter of 11.4 cms. It is made of gold. This object has become an icon that represented Colombia.

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