The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and often fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family. Along with the Asteraceae, they are one of the two largest families of flowering plants.
The national flower of Colombia is the orchid Cattleya trianae which was named after the Colombian naturalist José Jerónimo Triana. The orchid was selected by botanist Emilio Robledo, in representation of the Colombian Academy of History, as most representative flowering plant of Colombia. He described it as one of the most beautiful flowers in the world and selected Cattleya trianae as a National symbol.
The determination of which family is larger is still under debate, because verified data on the members of such enormous families are continually in flux. Regardless, the number of orchid species nearly equals the number of bony fishes, is more than twice the number of bird species, and is about four times the number of mammal species. The family also encompasses about 6–11% of all seed plants.